Dr. Gupta’s work focuses on the expansion of global as well as local spaces for grassroots innovators. This includes blending excellence in formal and informal science, protection of intellectual property rights of the innovators and expansion of open source as a part of ‘technology commons’. In addition he looks at ethical issues in conservation and prospecting of biodiversity, the linking of innovations, investments and enterprise, and the creation of knowledge networks at different levels to augment grassroots green innovations.
Dr. Gupta established the Society for Research and Initiatives for Sustainable Technologies and Institutions (SRISTI) in 1993 and the Grassroots Innovation Augmentation Network (GIAN) in 1997. These are two voluntary organizations designed to support the Honey Bee Network of which he is a co-chair and to scale up and convert grassroots innovations into viable products respectively. SRISTI is creating a portal for street art Culturally Alive! India and another one for opens source educational software for children. Another multi-media multi language platform for collaborative product design for augmenting green innovations and social enterprises is also being developed. A twin centre for Grassroots innovation has been set up in collaboration with Tianjin University of Finance and Economics, China. Similar efforts are on with other developing countries to promote grassroots to Global (g2G) strategy for knowledge based approaches to poverty alleviation and employment generation. He also helped set up the National Innovation Foundation (NIF) in 2000 to make India an innovative and creative society and a global leader in sustainable technologies.